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Tuesday, March 11, 2008

Physical quality of life index - Infant mortality, Life expectancy at age one, Literacy

055. Physical quality of life index is measured by all except:

1. Infant mortality

2. Life expectancy at age one

3. Literacy

4. Per capita income


4. Per capita income


Park 18th Edition Page 16








The important concept of quality of life is difficult to define and even more difficult to measure. Various attempts have been made to reach one composite index from a number of health indicators. The Physical Quality of Life Index is one such Index.


The Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI) consolidates three indicators, namely, Infant mortality, Life Expectation at Age One and Literacy. These three components measure the results rather than the inputs. As such they lend themselves to national and international comparison


It may be mentioned that PQLI has not taken per capita GNP (Gross national Product) into consideration, showing thereby that “money is not everything”


Human Development Index (HDI) is defined as “a composite index combining indicators representing three dimensions

· longevity (life expectancy at birth)

· knowledge (adult literacy rate and mean years of schooling)

· Income (real GDP per capita in purchasing power parity in US Dollars)

The concept of HDI reflects achievements in the most basic human capabilities

  1. Leading a long life
  2. Being knowledgable
  3. Enjoying a decent standard of living

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