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Tuesday, March 11, 2008

World Health Report 2000, India’s health expenditure 5.2% of G.D.P.

059. According to the World Health Report 2000, India’s health expenditure is:

1. 4.8% of G.D.P.

2. 5.2% of G.D.P.

3. 6.8% of G.D.P.

4. 7% of G.D.P.

Answer

2. 5.2% of G.D.P.

Reference

WHO report Page 192 Annex Table 8

http://www.who.int/whr/2000/en/whr00_annex_en.pdf

http://www.expresshealthcaremgmt.com/20020815/hospi6.shtml

http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/corppiramalshow/968767.cms

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Discussion

National health accounts are designed to be a policy relevant, comprehensive, consistent, timely and standardized instrument that traces the levels and trends of consumption of medical goods and services (the expenditure approach), the value-added created by service and manufacturing industries producing these commodities (the production approach) and the incomes generated by this process as well as the taxes, mandatory contributions, premiums and direct payments that fund the system (the financial approach). The current developmental stage of WHO national health accounts leans more towards a measurement

of the financing flows.

Health care finance is divided into public and private flows. For public expenditure, the source most frequently used was Table B on expenditure by function published by the IMF in Government finance statistics yearbook. This rests on a body of exacting rules (not always strictly applied by the respondent countries) and deals in most cases only with central government expenditure. IMF and national sources have been used as far as possible to complement the central government data. United Nations National accounts and consistent domestic sources have also been used. OECD Health data has supplied much of the information for the 29 OECD Member countries. Private expenditure on health has been estimated from United Nations and OECD National accounts and from the ratio of medical care to total consumption as derived from household surveys, that ratio being applied to total private consumption. This concerns mainly out-of-pocket spending. Private insurance premiums, mandated employer health programmes, expenditure by non-profit institutions serving mainly households and, less frequently, private investment have been obtained from national sources. National health accounts prepared by a number of countries have been used to the extent that they were accessible.

Explanation

Member State

HEALTH EXPENDITURE (%)

PER CAPITA HEALTH EXPENDITURE (US$)

Total Expenditure on health as percentage of GDP

Public Expenditure as % total expenditure on health

Private Expenditure as % total expenditure

Out-of-pocket Expenditure as % total expenditure on health

Tax-funded and other public Expenditure as % public expenditure on health

Social Security Expenditure as % public expenditure on health

Public Expenditure on health as % of total public expenditure

Total expenditure at official expenditure rate

Out-of-pocket expenditure at official expenditure rate

Total expenditure in international dollars

Public expenditure in international dollars

Out-of-pocket expenditure in international dollars

India

5.2

13.0

87.0

84.6

100

3.9

23

19

84

11

71

Comments

You are not supposed to worry if you don’t know the answer for these questions

Tips

Definitions of GDP (Gross Domestic Product):

Ä GDP is the total value of goods and services produced by a nation.

Ä Gross Domestic Product is a measure of the total economic activity occurring in the UK. It can be measured in three ways: Production Measures the Gross Domestic Product as the sum of all the Value Added by all activities which produce goods and services.. Income (GDP(I)) Measures the Gross Domestic Product as the total of incomes earned from the production of goods and services. ...

Ä This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the note on GDP methodology for more information.

Ä Total annual value of goods and services produced by a country.

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